When you look at the picture above, what do you see? A wild dog? A strangely colored wolf? Or something entirely different: a dingo? For centuries, scientists have debated whether Australia’s native canine is its own species or merely a type of wolf or dog. Now, based on physical and genetic evidence, a team of scientists is making the case that the dingo is a unique species that deserves protection under Australia’s federal conservation laws. If they can’t convince governments and landholders, the dingo may be doomed.Wild dingoes live across Australia, in grasslands, deserts, and even wetlands and forests. Archaeological evidence suggests that the animal arrived on the continent at least 3500 years ago as people sailed back and forth from Asia, where it first appeared, then continued to evolve in isolation until the arrival of Europeans and their dogs in the late 18th century. The European naturalists who first heard descriptions of the dingo believed it represented a new species of canine and gave it a species name to match: Canis dingo. Domesticated dogs, on the other hand, are known as Canis lupus familiaris, indicating that they are a subspecies of wolf (Canis lupus).But over the next 300 years, scientists began to argue about what to call the dingo, given the lack of early physical specimens and the fact that the original classifications were based on nothing more than a painting and description given by Australia’s first governor, Arthur Phillip. Dingoes have continued to change as they bred with settler dogs. Today, Australia’s native canine is most often referred to by scientists as C. lupus dingo, relegating it to a subspecies of wolf based on a notion that dingoes evolved from wolves in Asia. Recent studies suggest that dingoes, dogs, and wolves are cousins, all descended from a distant ancestor.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)That classification left University of Sydney wildlife biologist Mathew Crowther unsatisfied, given his experience studying wild dingoes. He believed that conservation and management decisions were not being based on firm evidence. “A dingo is a distinctive thing in Australia,” identifiable by its erect ears, bushy tail, and neck that can arc backward into prime howling position, he says. Still, it’s difficult to tell a dingo from a dingo-dog hybrid, or even a feral dog, because natural variation within dingoes is poorly understood and mating with wild dogs may have altered the genome of living dingoes, Crowther explains.Being able to define what a dingo is—and isn’t—is increasingly important in Australia. While some scientists argue that dingoes with no dog DNA fill the important niche of apex predator in Australia’s ecosystem by eating feral cats and foxes, ranchers lump dingoes, feral dogs, and dingo-dog hybrids into the category of pests that attack and kill valuable livestock. Current policies in some jurisdictions of Australia aim to exterminate dingo-dog hybrids while conserving dingoes. But without a clear definition of what distinguishes a dingo, it’s hard to manage wild dingoes, dingo-dog hybrids, and free-roaming domestic dogs, says Damian Morrant, an ecologist with James Cook University, Cairns, who was not involved in the new study. He says the work is a “baseline” for developing clear guidelines for identifying dingoes in the wild.To begin sorting dingo from nondingo, Crowther and his colleagues at the universities of Sydney, New South Wales, and Western Sydney reviewed genetic work conducted by other researchers and began tracking down pre-1900 dingo specimens, which would allow them to study the species before it encountered—and mated with—domestic dogs brought by European settlers. “One of our colleagues went to all the European [natural history] museums: London, Paris, Germany, Oslo,” Crowther explains. The team discovered a range of coat colors on dingoes preserved in the museums: yellow, brown, ginger/red, black, and white. That indicated that these colors are not the product of recent mating with dogs, and that animals boasting them today can be considered pure dingoes.The researchers also compared the skulls of the dingo specimens with those of wolves and similar-looking domestic dogs such as Australian cattle dogs and collies. While there were overlaps, the dingoes had wider and shorter skulls and no hind leg dewclaws, vestigial toes that don’t touch the ground, which are common among dogs and wolves, the team reported online this week in the Journal of Zoology. Based on these physical and genetic differences, the researchers propose changing the dingo’s scientific name back to Canis dingo, once again classifying it as its own species.Given the contentious attitudes about dingoes as either top predators or pests, as well as the uncertainty among scientists about their evolutionary past, the paper will “inflame passions across the board,” says Christopher Dickman, a conservation ecologist at the University of Sydney who is not part of the team. And so it has. Although J. William Ballard, an evolutionary geneticist at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, says the study provides a “road map for the debate,” he believes the methodology is weak and the data unconvincing. Still, dingo specialists such as Christopher Johnson, a conservation biologist and ecologist at the University of Tasmania, Sandy Bay Campus, welcome the work. “It places the dingo on firmer biological ground as a distinct [group],” he says.Crowther and his colleagues acknowledge that they’ve not yet identified “consistent and clear diagnostic features” that characterize all members of C. dingo, but they claim they’ve set limits on physical traits of the species. And for conservation and land managers that’s a start, says Euan Ritchie, an ecologist at Deakin University, Melbourne Burwood. “If it looks like a dingo, smells like a dingo, and acts like a dingo, is that enough” to count it as a dingo?
“This is a testament to the progress we have made,” Guiao said as the Road Warriors’ winning streak is now actually five games dating back to their final two games in the Commissioner’s Cup where the team made changes by trading for several players.Alas almost threw the game away by fouling Chris Tiu in a jump ball that resulted in two free throws for the Rain or Shine guard for a 110-108 lead with 6.3 seconds left.After Guiao called him out during the timeout for that “stupid” foul, Alas connected on a floating layup off Beau Belga to forge the second extension. He finished with a career-high 24 points and had 10 rebounds.In the second game, GlobalPort survived a strong challenge from Phoenix in the stretch to hammer out a 100-91 victory and barge into the win column.ADVERTISEMENT FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ The Road Warriors stayed unbeaten in the PBA Governors’ Cup after outlasting Guiao’s former team, Rain or Shine, 122-114, in double overtime as Kevin Alas redeemed himself from a “stupid mistake” that almost cost NLEX the game in the first extension at Smart Araneta Coliseum on Wednesday night.Alas hit the go-ahead layup with 2:51 left for 113-112, and then fed Larry Fonacier for the triple that wrapped it all up with 58.9 remaining as NLEX won a third straight game and grabbed the solo lead momentarily.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool stars“It’s an awkward feeling, beating that team,” Guiao said. “Sometimes, I still feel I’m the coach of that team. I haven’t gotten over that 100 percent. I still feel that’s my team and they’re my boys. But I have to get used to that,” Guiao said.Perhaps the feeling wouldn’t go away because Guiao left a winning program in Rain or Shine and is now beginning to develop a winning culture with NLEX. POC insists on hosting 2019 SEA Games, will appeal to Duterte El Nido residents told to vacate beach homes National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress MOST READ Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ View comments Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games LATEST STORIES Yeng Guiao admitted to having this weird feeling, but it was just the kind of feeling that validates how he has turned NLEX around.ADVERTISEMENT
Mumbai, May 31 (PTI) Union Power Minister Piyush Goyal and senior Congress leader and former Finance Minister P Chidambaram are set to be elected to Rajya Sabha from Maharashtra, with the deadline for filing nominations ending today.They are among the six candidates in the fray for as many vacancies in the Upper House from the state.Former Union minister Praful Patel (NCP), BJPs Vinay Sahasrabuddhe and Vikas Mahatme and Shiv Senas Sanjay Raut have also filed their papers since the process for the biennial elections got underway.The scrutiny of papers will be held tomorrow.Formal announcement on their election will be made on June 3, the last date of withdrawal of nominations, a senior Vidhan Bhawan official told PTI.Accompanied by former Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan, MPCC president Ashok Chavan, former Union Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde and other party leaders, Chidambaram filed the papers at the Vidhan Bhawan.His son Karti Chidambaram was also present.Chidambaram did not contest the 2014 Lok Sabha polls while his son Karti had unsuccessfully fought from his native Sivaganga constituency in Tamil Nadu.Meanwhile, former Maharashtra Chief Minister Narayan Rane filed his nomination papers here for a Rajya Sabha seat. PTI APM VT GK NM KND
Kanpur, Sep 22 (PTI) Statistical highlights after opening Kanpur, Sep 22 (PTI) Statistical highlights after opening days play in the first cricket Test between India and New Zealand, here today # Cheteshwar Pujara and Murali Vijay put on 112 for the second wicket – Indias second highest for the second wicket vs New Zealand at Kanpur in Tests next only to the 114 between Sunil Gavaskar and Mohinder Amarnath in 1976. # The highest second wicket partnership by an Indian pair at Kanpur is 150 between Mohammad Azharuddin and Kris Srikkanth vs England in Jan/Feb 1985.# Vijay and Pujara have managed 1689 runs at an average of 60.32 in 28 innings, including four century stands and nine fifty-plus. Among the Indian pairs with 1500 runs or more in Tests, their average is the fourth highest in Tests – the highest being 67.82 between Virender Sehwag and Sachin Tendulkar – 1560 runs in 23 innings, including four century stands and five fifty-plus. # India (291/9) have recorded their third highest total on the first day of a Test match at Green Park, Kanpur – the highest two are 417 for two vs Sri Lanka in 2009-10 and 304 for four vs New Zealand in 1976-77 # Ravichandran Ashwin (40) has taken his aggregate to 275 at an average of 55.00 in five innings – the highest among the Indian batsmen in Tests this year.His aggregate includes two hundreds. # Wriddhiman Saha has posted his fourth duck in Tests – his third in India. # Murali Vijay (65) has registered his first fifty in five innings vs New Zealand in Tests. In his previous four innings against them, he had posted 26, 13, 2 and 7. # Vijays 13th fifty in Tests is his first vs New Zealand.As compared to his average of 36.85 away from home, Vijay is averaging 48.08 in home Tests.advertisement#Mitchell Santner (3/77) has registered his career-best bowling figures in Tests, eclipsing the 2 for 16 vs Zimbabwe at Bulawayo in July this year. # Cheteshwar Pujara (62) has recorded his eighth fifty in Tests – his first vs New Zealand.# Pujara became the first Indian batsman to aggregate 700 runs this year in first-class cricket in India – his aggregate being 719 at an average of 102.71, including three hundreds and a fifty, in eight innings.# As against his home average of 64.29 (1543 runs in 28 innings), Pujara is averaging 33.36 in away Tests (1001 runs in 31 innings). # India have become the fourth nation after England (976), Australia (791) and West Indies (517) to have appeared in 500 Tests or more. # Trent Boult (3/52) has registered his best bowling figures vs India in Tests in India – his second best vs India behind the 3 for 38 at Auckland in February 2014.# Mohammed Shammis first duck vs New Zealand is his fifth in Tests. PTI Cor SSC SSC
Arsenal have suffered massive injury blows as defender Sead Kolasinac and midfielder Ainsley Maitland-Niles have been ruled out until October with injuries.Kolasinac, 25, is out with a left knee injury which he sustained in a pre-season match against Chelsea earlier this month while Maitland-Niles was substituted off in the first half of Arsenal’s 2-0 defeat by champions Manchester City in their opening league fixture.The 20-year-old Maitland-Niles has a fracture to his left fibula. Defender Carl Jenkinson has also suffered a sprain on his right ankle and will be out for upto two months.”Sead has a left knee injury. We are aiming for him to return to training in October,” Arsenal said on their website.France international Laurent Koscielny, who missed his nation’s World Cup-winning campaign with an Achilles tendon tear, is on the mend and is expected to return to training in November.Arsenal have been boosted with striker Danny Welbeck and defender Nacho Monreal participating in full training ahead of Saturday’s league match against Chelsea.(With Reuters inputs)
Hit us with your best shot!We have an amazing new Instagram competition for participants at the 2014 National Youth Championships thanks to our friends at Sunshine Coast Destination.Don’t miss out on the chance to win these amazing prizes below:– 2 x 30 minute sessions at the Big Kart Track– 2 x swim with Whales or a double dive on the ex-HMAS Brisbane (for the winner to decide)All you have to do is post a picture on Instagram by 4.00pm on Thursday of you and your team at your favourite Sunshine Coast destination and use the hashtag #visitsunshinecoast and #nationalyouthchamps as well as tag ‘Touch Football Australia’.We will select the best two photos, so get clicking and good luck!Related LinksInstagram Competition
A revised selection mechanism for the beneficiary identification system (BIS) under the Programme for Advancement Through Health and Education (PATH), will be submitted to Cabinet for approval shortly. This was disclosed by Labour and Social Security Minister, Hon. Derrick Kellier, who informed that the new system “takes full note of some issues that were identified and seeks to make the selection process much more robust.” “While we seek to expand the gains of the social protection strategy that has already been implemented, the Ministry must maintain the current system to ensure its integrity,” he said. The Minister was speaking at the signing for a $2.77 billion (US$30 million) loan from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), to establish the Integrated Social Protection and Labour Programme. The ceremony took place at the Ministry of Finance and Planning in Kingston, on December 13. He pointed out that the Ministry will be undertaking the mandatory re-certification of families that have been on PATH for over four years. “This process will begin in February 2013. A total of approximately 32,000 families are to be re-certified,” Mr. Kellier pointed out. The BIS selects persons for registration to PATH. To date, 410,000 beneficiaries in 135,000 families have been registered under the programme.
Gaelic speaking students from Portree High School, Scotland arrived in Nova Scotia and will be visiting from Oct. 8 to 15. The students are visiting schools and sites in Cape Breton that have Gaelic programming to learn about the language, culture and identity of Gaels in Nova Scotia. An agreement signed by Highland Council, Scotland and Gaelic Affairs, Nova Scotia supports initiatives for development through education, culture and tourism and any other related economic activities. “We congratulate the efforts of the Portree High School teachers, students, parents and all community members who supported the efforts to organize this Gaelic language and cultural initiative,” said Hamish Fraser, councilor and chair of the Gaelic Implementation Group, Highland Council, Scotland. “Continued connections between Gaels in both Scotland and Nova Scotia contribute in meaningful ways to Gaelic language and cultural development in our respective regions.” “At Portree High School, our goal is to establish greater links so students on both sides of the ocean can benefit through greater awareness, understanding and language and cultural skills sharing,” said Ruairidh MacVicar, department for Gàidhlig at Portree High School “Educational trips like this help to raise awareness of Nova Scotia’s Gaelic community and allows both regions to connect and build longer term relationships,” said Gaelic Affairs Minister Randy Delorey. “I would like to congratulate the students from Portree for their commitment to continue to learn about and share the Gaelic language and culture.” While in Nova Scotia the students will visit and interact with Gaelic students, staff and community members at Dalbrae Academy, Bayview Educational Centre, Baile nan Gàidheal / Highland Village, Sgoil MhicFhraing a’ Chaolais (Rankin School of the Narrows), Colaisde na Gàidhlig / The Gaelic College, An Drochaid (The Mabou Gaelic and Historical Society). For information about Gaels’ language, culture and identity in Nova Scotia go to http://gaelic.novascotia.ca.
London: Boris Johnson on Tuesday won the Conservative Party’s leadership race to become the next Prime Minister of Britain, amid the political uncertainty over the country’s divorce deal with the European Union. Johnson, the former foreign secretary and London Mayor, was widely expected to beat foreign secretary Jeremy Hunt in the battle for 10 Downing Street, which was triggered last month when a Brexit-battered May resigned amid a mounting rebellion from within the Conservative Party. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c detailsAddressing the Tory party members at the Queen Elizabeth II Centre in London, near the Houses of Parliament, soon after the results were declared, Johnson, 55, said: “No one person or party has the monopoly of wisdom. Time and again it is to us [Conservative Party] that people have turned. “At this pivotal point in history… I know that we will do it. The mantra is to deliver Brexit, unite the country and defeat (Labour leader) Jeremy Corbyn. “I will work flat out to repay your confidence. The work begins now.”
OTTAWA – As Rona Ambrose prepares to step down as interim Opposition leader and Conservative MP, here’s a brief look at some of the highlights of her political career:2004: Elected as the member of Parliament for the riding of Edmonton-Spruce Grove with 60 per cent of the vote.2006:— Appointed environment minister in Stephen Harper’s minority Conservative government, youngest women ever named to cabinet.— Announces Canada can’t meet emissions reductions targets set in Kyoto Protocol.— NDP and Bloc Quebecois try to force her resignation, but the move is blocked by Liberals after Conservatives try to make it a confidence motion.2007:— Shuffled out of Environment to take over Intergovernmental Affairs, Western Economic Diversification and president of Queen’s Privy Council.2008-2009— Appointed labour minister.— Works on strikes by Ottawa bus drivers, VIA Rail engineers and CN rail employees.2010-2013— Appointed minister of public works and government services, as well as minister of state for status of women.— Sponsors a successful resolution before the United Nations calling for the International Day of the Girl Child.— Announces National Shipbuilding Procurement Strategy.2013-2014— Appointed minister of health.— Sponsors a law requiring community consultations before any new safe injection sites are approved, following a 2011 Supreme Court decision that stopped the Harper Conservatives from closing the safe injection site in Vancouver.— Quarterbacks government’s efforts to prepare Canada for possible cases of ebola fever after global outbreak.— Arranges for Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai to visit Canada, an event that has to be cancelled when a gunman storms Parliament Hill.2015— Re-elected as an MP in the new riding of Sturgeon River—Parkland with 70 per cent of the vote, despite Conservative loss of government.— Elected by caucus vote to be interim leader.— Says Conservatives will support inquiry into missing and murdered aboriginal women, which they opposed when in government.2016— Introduces motions in House of Commons calling on MPs to condemn actions by Islamic militants in Iraq and Syria as genocide, but Liberals don’t allow it to pass.— Some Conservatives try to get party’s constitution changed so Ambrose can run for leadership, but they lose.2017— Opposition leads charge following media reports about Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s vacation in Bahamas with Aga Khan; a short time later it is revealed Ambrose was on a businessman’s yacht in the Caribbean at the time.— Introduces a private member’s bill to require would-be judges to get training on sex assault laws; government promises to support it.— Announces she will resign as MP in the summer, after working on the new party leader’s transition.
APTN National NewsCanada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission was in Yellowknife Thursday.This is the commission’s first leg of their tour across the Northwest Territories.It is a chance for former students there to share their experiences and begin healing journeys.APTN National News reporter Cullen Crozier has this story.
Casablanca – Algerian Prime Minister, Abdelmalek Sellal, has created another controversy after calling on women to beat their husbands with sticks if they refuse to vote in Thursday’s legislative elections.Sellal’s statement came during a women’s gathering last Saturday in the city of Setif, in the east of Algeria. The Algerian official told the women “In fact I came here to see your faces and hear your cries[…] Why is your role so important? Because behind every man is a woman…”Sellal added that “the men of Setif are men, and their women are also men.” This sparked laughter within the room. Later, Sellal urged the women to vote in Thursday’s legislative elections.“I urge you to be strong on the day of the elections. It is necessary that you participate and call on your husbands to do so and wake them up in the early morning. Don’t bring them coffee, just send them off to vote,” said Sellal before adding “whoever does not vote, beat him with a stick.”Algerian social media users have shared the statement on Facebook, many dismissing it as pre-election fever, especially in light of a strong anti-voting campaign that has swept through social media. Others mocked the Algerian Prime Minister who is known for his highly controversial declarations.
MONTREAL — Bombardier and Airbus have finalized a partnership agreement that will see the European aircraft manufacturer acquire a majority 50.01 per cent stake in the CSeries commercial jet program effective July 1, the companies announced Friday.Bombardier Inc. will work with Airbus to ramp up production on the CSeries passenger jets, which were designed with improved fuel efficiency and less seating capacity than most passenger jets offered by Airbus or its rival Boeing.The CSeries partnership’s head office and main assembly line will be located in Mirabel, Que., and a second line — yet to be built — will be based in Mobile, Alabama, to service the U.S. market.Bombardier said that, as of July 1 when its second quarter begins, the CSeries will not be included in its consolidated results — meaning, among other things, that revenue from the plane’s sales won’t be included in financial statements.However, Bombardier and the Quebec government will remain minority shareholders in the CSeries program under previous agreements between the province and the company.Under the final agreement with Airbus, Bombardier has also committed to fund cash short-falls for the CSeries, to agreed maximums, in the second half of 2018, and following years as the partners ramp up production and sales of the C Series.Bombardier expects to double its CSeries deliveries this year from the 17 aircraft in 2017 and is positioned to capture a large chunk of the estimated 6,000 aircraft needed in this market segment over the next 20 years.“It is clear that in the early phase of the ramp up there is still lot of investment to do . .. . But looking forward, I am very confident that the CSeries is going to contribute positively to the cash generation of Airbus in the future,” Harald Wilhelm, Airbus chief financial officer, said in a media conference call Friday.“We will give further financial information later this year.”Bombardier issued revised financial estimates for 2018 to reflect the finalized Airbus agreement, which was achieved several weeks earlier than anticipated after the companies received all necessary approvals.Under terms of the deal with Airbus, Bombardier will fund any cash shortfalls during the second half of 2018 to a maximum of US$225 million, then up to a maximum of US$350 million in 2019 and to a maximum of US$350 million over the following two years.Any excess shortfall during these periods will be borne by the partnership’s class A shareholders. The companies said further financial information on the transaction will be provided later this year.Innovation Minister Navdeep Bains issued a statement Friday morning calling the Bombardier-Airbus announcement “a good day for Canada’s aerospace sector.”Investment Canada reviewed the deal and Bains said he is satisfied it will “benefit Canadians by growing our aerospace sector and creating good jobs.Bains also called the decision to maintain Mirabel as the primary site for the CSeries program is “fantastic news for the talented women and men working in that important aerospace hub.”
In an address to the 60th General Assembly, meeting for the General Debate at UN Headquarters in New York, Mr. Annan said he would start immediately on the process of making the UN Secretariat “more efficient, more effective, and more accountable.”The UN’s ongoing mandates from its first 55 years will be reviewed, its budgetary and human resources rules re-assessed and reformed, and an independent oversight audit committee set up after a full review of UN oversight and management is completed, he told the Assembly. The details of the previously announced independent ethics office, designed to protect any whistleblowers and to encourage greater financial disclosure, will also be unveiled soon.Mr. Annan said there will be a one-time buyout of staff so that “we have the personnel best suited to carry out the priorities you have set” and he will devise proposals so that the Secretary-General in future is “fully equipped” to act as chief administrative officer and can be held accountable by Member States.“This is the way to restore the confidence of people everywhere in the Organization’s integrity and ability to deliver,” he said.The Secretary-General urged Member States to play their part as well to implement the commitments made at the Summit, which he hailed for making progress “across a broader front than on any other single occasion in the 60-year history of the Organization.”While “we did not achieve everything,” Mr. Annan said there were real breakthroughs in promises to fight poverty and disease, establish lasting peace in war-torn countries and preventing genocide, as well as advances in combating terrorism, promoting democracy, upholding human rights and strengthening the humanitarian response to crises.But he added that agreement is still needed on several fronts, including Security Council reform, turning “an unequivocal condemnation” of terrorism into a comprehensive global treaty, and fixing “our distressing failures on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.”“The consensus underlying the Non-Proliferation Treaty is badly frayed,” Mr. Annan said, noting that two attempts this year by Member States to tackle “this existential threat” have ended in stalled negotiations. He criticized some States for being “content to point fingers at each other, rather than work for solutions… We face growing risks of proliferation and catastrophic terrorism, and the stakes are too high to continue to down a dangerous path of diplomatic brinkmanship.”But Mr. Annan cited this week’s agreement to take collective action to protect civilians threatened by genocide and other crimes and humanity as both “a hard-won revolution in international affairs” and a sign that “we can find collective answers to common problems.”
In his speech to delegates in the Swiss city, Mr. Guterres congratulated Member States for “building upon a legacy of achievement, guided by that age-old vision of social justice through social dialogue and international cooperation”.The Convention passed with 439 votes in favour, with seven against and 30 abstentions, after a ballot involving representatives of governments, employers and workers, in line with ILO’s tripartite structure.History is made! The @ILO has just adopted a new Convention on Violence and Harassment in the World of Work. Here’s what you need to know. #ilo100 pic.twitter.com/ekPD8Nhben— ILO (@ilo) June 21, 2019 It is the first new Convention – a legally binding international instrument – agreed by the International Labour Conference since 2011, when the Domestic Workers Convention, was adopted.According to the new labour standard, violence and harassment at work “constitute a human rights violation or abuse”.Defined as behaviour that is likely to lead to “physical, psychological, sexual or economic harm”, violence and harassment are also regarded as “a threat to equal opportunities” which are “unacceptable and incompatible with decent work”.In signing the Convention, Member States have a responsibility to promote a “general environment of zero tolerance”, while also protecting trainees, interns, volunteers, jobseekers and employees “irrespective of their contractual status”.This includes some 2.5 billion people in the informal work sector, whose collective bargaining power should be utilized to promote workers’ rights, ILO said this week.For ILO, the Convention reflects the organization’s belief that labour is not a commodity and that people’s wellbeing – and peace – depends on respect.“Without respect, there is no dignity at work, and, without dignity, there is no social justice,” said Manuela Tomei, Director of the ILO’s Workquality Department. “We now have an agreed definition of violence and harassment; we know what needs to be done to prevent and address it, and by whom. We hope these new standards will lead us into the future of work we want to see.”Protections must become a reality: RyderILO Director-General Guy Ryder, meanwhile, highlighted that the “next step is to put these protections into practice, so that we create a better, safer, decent, working environment for women and men”.In his speech at the ILO Conference, Mr. Guterres also welcomed its Centenary Declaration, which he said marked “an historic opportunity to open a door to a brighter future” for people around the world.“The Centenary Declaration is much more than a statement of wishes or intent,” he added. “It proposes a shift in the paradigm of how we look at development. The wellbeing of people must be at the centre of economic and social policies”.Mission statements like these were crucial, the UN chief insisted, warning that globalization and climate change had left those on the margins of society “paying the highest price”.He added: “More than ever, multilateralism is under fire… And everywhere, we see deficits of trust and a surplus of fear-mongering. You could call it an age of disillusion. The most effective way to rebuild trust is by listening and by delivering. The International Labour Organisation plays a central role for a simple reason: Your agenda is at the centre of people’s concerns.”Describing the ILO as being “ahead of its time” for its tripartite governing structure, Mr. Guterres insisted that new mechanisms for cooperation and governance had to be reimagined in future, to cope with current challenges.Amid unprecedented change encompassing climate shocks, demographic, technological and societal transformation, the UN Secretary-General insisted that all of these things “profoundly affected” workers everywhere.And while these changes offered opportunities, they could also generate “fear and anxiety”, he warned.“As we look ahead, we know new technologies – especially artificial intelligence – will inevitably lead to massive destruction of jobs and a massive creation of new jobs,” he said, calling for a “massive” investment in education to ensure lifelong learning in a world where the concept of “work” itself is evolving.Listen to an interview with Professor Catharine MacKinnon, who established the legal grounds for defining sexual harassment as sex discrimination.
At least one council in Scotland – Falkirk – already makes four-weekly collections.Under European Union targets the UK must recycle at least half of all household waste by 2020, with the figure currently at around 43 per cent.Conwy council said the move could save £390,000 a year. It said: “We currently recycle 64 per cent of our waste, which is really good, but we need to recycle 70 per cent by 2024/25 to meet the Welsh Government’s targets. If these targets are not achieved the council may be fined.”It said the trial of four-weekly collections led to a 14 percent increase in recycling and a 31 percent decrease in the amount of rubbish discarded in wheelie bins.The council put extra measures in place to help residents recycle, including free collection of large items, free nappy bins for grandparents who look after children and bespoke collections for those who miss bin collections if they are on holiday.Three and four-weekly bin collections were non-existent until 2014/15, when two councils adopted the system, data from waste charity Wrap has shown. In 2009/10, some 245 councils organised weekly bin collections, a figure which has fallen by 34 per cent to 160. This is despite vigorous campaigning by waste activists and this newspaper to preserve a weekly service.Over the same period the number of fortnightly collections has risen by 38 per cent from 219 to 303 councils. Meanwhile, it emerged last week that cling film, plant pots and takeaway trays are being recycled by less than 10 per cent of councils. Monthly bin collections have been introduced for the first time in England and Wales, causing fury amongst residents who say they are having to burn their rubbish.The controversial scheme was launched in the county of Conwy, North Wales, following a year-long trial for its 11,000 households.But it was met with anger from locals who said the trial had attracted more rats, seagulls and flies as the rotting piles of rubbish created hideous smells.Several said they had been forced to buy incinerators to burn the bulging piles of waste.Others have claimed the policy has led to an increase in fly-tipping and warned that there was a public health risk when the weather was warm.At least 18 councils across England and Wales have moved to three-weekly rubbish collections, with a handful trialling four-weekly collections as they come under increasing pressure to reduce waste and increase recycling rates. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Data from Wrap showed that local authorities have drastically different recycling regimes, under which some households are able to recycle different items to others.It means some households may be wasting their time trying to recycle some items marked as “recyclable” because they are unaware their council cannot recycle it.Three councils – Rotherham, the Isles of Scilly, and Tonbridge and Malling – do not recycle plastic at all.The Government is consulting on an overhaul of the recycling regime in the hope of improving recycling rates.
Despite the huge outburst of opposition to the changes, many in the C of E want the church’s hierarchy to move faster and further in affirming LGBT people.The Revd Tina Beardsley, a transgender priest who helped draw up the new service, said opponents of the reforms were burying their heads in the sands by trying to delay churches holding services for their trans parishioners.“It does seem a little strange to be saying ‘I’m sorry but you’ve got to wait another two years and possible longer beyond that before we can actually pray with you’. That doesn’t feel right to me.”Another trans priest involved in the process, Canon Rachel Mann, said she could not understand how anyone could object to the House of Bishops’ guidance.“This is a classic example of Anglican thoughtfulness. This is a set of guidance that addresses the deep human desire that we all have, whether trans or non-trans, to reaffirm our baptismal commitment to Jesus Christ,” she said. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. A new Church of England service for transgender people could “harm” children, an open letter signed by more than 2,000 clergy has claimed. Some 2,155 bishops, priests and lay members of the church have added their names to the letter which condemns new guidance released last month on gender transition.In December, the church announced vicars would now be able to hold a special service so transgender people could celebrate their new identities.But there has been a steadily growing backlash to the proposals, culminating in the open letter which attacks them as “deeply concerning” and “lacking in serious theological analysis”.The signatories caution rapidly-developing theories about gender could cause “more harm than good” to children experiencing gender dysphoria and call on the Church of England’s House of Bishops, which approved the reforms last year, to “revise, postpone or withdraw” them until concerns have been addressed.The letter states that while gender dysphoria was an “emotionally painful experience that requires understanding, support and compassion”, the House of Bishops appears to have ignored the potential for damage caused by “novel and largely untested theories about sex and gender”.It also argues the guidance implicitly undermines the church’s understanding of marriage by endorsing the idea there is no difference between male and female. Among the other groups to have criticised the new liturgy is the Church of England Evangelical Council, which said in a statement the guidance was “highly divisive and theologically and pastorally questionable”.Even the Bishop of Blackburn, a leading evangelical who had piloted the process of drawing up the gender transition service, has now disavowed his own reforms and said he regretted his involvement in the process. Other evangelical leaders have castigated the service as a “false gospel” which “denies the teachings of Jesus Christ”.But a spokesperson for the Church of England insisted the guidance had not changed the church’s doctrine on sexuality or gender. “The guidance is not a restatement or a new statement on matters relating to gender, nor does it change the Church of England’s teaching.”“The bishops will give the letter their serious consideration, especially in the context of the preparation of a major new set of teaching and learning resources on identity, relationships, marriage and sexuality which will be published next year.” Among the senior Anglicans who have added their names to the letter are two archdeacons, two former bishops, and a member of the Archbishops’ Council, one of the C of E’s central governing bodies.
Microsoft already has a policy of requiring an Xbox Live Gold subscription to play online multiplayer games on the Xbox 360. That policy is set to continue with the Xbox One, but Bethesda isn’t happy about it and is asking Microsoft to make an exception in their case.The reason for the request is the launch of The Elder Scrolls Online MMO early next year. Bethesda has decided to charge a monthly subscription for the game, which will be available to play on PC, PS4, and Xbox One. Bethesda doesn’t think it is fair to ask players to pay $15 a month to play, and then require an additional subscription charge for the game to function on the Xbox One.Microsoft is apparently not entertaining the idea of dropping the requirement just for The Elder Scrolls Online, but Bethesda has stated it will continue to talk with Microsoft in a bid to change their minds. In the case of the PS4, which will have a similar subscription requirement for online play, Bethesda may see more success.Free-to-play titles includes DC Universe Online and Planetside 2 won’t require PlayStation Plus to function. If Sony is willing to drop the requirement for those games, why not The Elder Scrolls Online? Sony also has an added incentive to work with Bethesda on this if it knows Microsoft refuses to drop the Xbox Live Gold requirement. By doing so, the game effectively becomes cheaper to play on the PS4 and could attract more players.Ultimately, if either Sony or Microsoft agrees to drop the subscription requirement the other may have to do the same for fear of losing gamers to their rival. However, that $15 monthly charge could seriously limit the player base anyway.
Amazonie : des Indiens prennent les ouvriers d’un barrage en otageBrésil – Dimanche 25 juillet, des Indiens du Brésil ont pris une centaine d’ouvriers en otage sur le chantier d’un barrage hydroélectrique du sud de l’Amazonie. Une action organisée pour protester contre ce chantier, situé selon eux sur un ancien site funéraire.Armés d’arcs et de flèches, 400 Indiens issus de différentes tribus ont occupé le chantier, prenant les ouvriers en otage pour faire entendre leurs revendications. Ils exigeaient la présence de représentants du ministère de l’Énergie, des autorités locales de l’environnement, de la Fondation nationale de l’Indien (Funai) et de l’Institut brésilien de l’environnement (Ibama) pour négocier avec l’entreprise une indemnisation des préjudices que leur cause depuis trois ans la construction de ce barrage. Ils réclameraient ainsi quelque 5,6 millions de dollars. À lire aussiUne zone de l’Amazonie qu’on pensait inhabitée aurait en réalité abrité plus d’un million d’habitantsLes dirigeants indiens assurent que le chantier a été érigé sur un ancien cimetière indigène. “L’entreprise a fait sauter à la dynamite une partie du site archéologique” a déclaré Carlos Ferreira de Aquino, responsable local de l’agence brésilienne des affaires indigènes. Les Indiens déplorent subir un préjudice social et culturel, mais aussi environnemental en raison de l’éloignement du gibier. “Nous voulons être indemnisés pour la construction de cette usine. Le chantier se trouve à 30 kilomètres de notre réserve et a causé d’importants dégâts culturels et sociaux à notre communauté, sans parler des dommages écologiques”, a déclaré au site G1.globo.com, Aldeci Arara, l’un des chefs de tribu. L’entreprise de construction assure de son côté qu’elle tente de définir avec les pouvoirs publics un programme de développement à destination des Indiens.Le barrage de Dardanelos, qui doit entrer en service en janvier 2011, est situé sur la rivière Aripuana, à 400 kilomètres au nord de Cuiaba, la capitale de l’État du Mato Grosso. Le 28 juillet 2010 à 13:28 • Emmanuel Perrin
Le Canada privé de hockey sur glace à cause du réchauffement climatique ?Alors que le hockey sur glace est le sport national du Canada, le réchauffement climatique pourrait priver le sud du pays de ses patinoires extérieures au cours des prochaines années. Certaines patinoires verraient déjà leur durée de vie diminuer, selon une récente étude.Les patinoires extérieures des grandes villes du Canada pourraient disparaître en raison du réchauffement climatique. Cette saison déjà, elles ont souffert de températures trop élevées. A Ottawa, la plus longue patinoire du monde qui s’étend sur 7,8 kilomètres sur le Canal Rideau, n’a été ouverte que pendant 28 jours.À lire aussiDengue : symptômes, traitement, prévention, où en est-on ?Dans une étude publiée par la revue Environmental Research Letters, des chercheurs des Université montréalaises McGill et Concordia affirment que ce phénomène va empirer au cours des décennies à venir. En étudiant les données météorologiques recueillies entre 1951 et 2005 par 142 stations disséminées dans le pays divisé en six grandes régions climatiques, les chercheurs ont déterminé le début de la saison des patinoires extérieures. Pour évaluer la durée de cette saison, ils se sont basés sur une estimation de la température nécessaire à l’ajout de couches de glace, établie à -5 degrés Celsius, et ce pendant trois jours.Ces travaux ont alors montré que les patinoires extérieures du sud-ouest, des Prairies et du centre du Canada, voyaient leur durée de vie diminuer. “Le nombre de jours qui sont suffisamment froids pour maintenir et ré-arroser une patinoire extérieure a changé au fil du temps”, explique à l’AFP Damon Matthews, l’un des auteurs de cette étude. “Cette tendance sur 50 ans est probablement due au changement climatique”, estime-t-il. “Si on extrapole à partir de la tendance des 30 dernières années, on peut estimer qu’il n’y aura plus de patinoires extérieures naturelles(sans système spécial de réfrigération) à Calgary, Montréal et Toronto en 2050”, alerte le chercheur. “Il n’y aurait pas suffisamment de jours assez froids pour arroser les patinoires dans la majeure partie du sud du Canada”, affirme-t-il encore. Depuis 1950, la température aurait d’après certaines études augmenté de 2,5 degrés Celsius en hiver au Canada. La disparition des patinoires extérieures dans le sud du pays où le hockey sur glace est un sport national, serait réellement à craindre. Des organisations écologistes organisent ainsi chaque année depuis 2005 la journée “Sauvons le hockey, luttons contre les changements climatiques !”.Le 9 mars 2012 à 09:37 • Maxime Lambert