About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Man City star Bernardo Silva: Boly has apologised to meby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester City star Bernardo Silva says Wolves defender Willy Boly apologised after his red card tackle during last night’s 3-0 win.Boly was shown a 19th minute red card for a lunge on the Portuguese.Speaking after the game, Silva, who has shone in the centre of midfield this term, revealed: “It was quite a bad tackle but I’m fine.“Yes, he did apologise at the end of the game. These things happen.“You don’t do it on purpose, I think, and he said that. Everything is fine, it’s football.”Wolves boss Nuno Espirito Santo said he had no problem with red card: “It was very close to me and I think it’s a clear red card.”
(Photo by Ronald Martinez/Getty Images)In the loaded Big 12, Texas Tech has been an afterthought. Coming into tonight’s game with No. 9 Iowa State, the Red Raiders were 0-6 in conference play, but Tubby Smith’s team jumped all over the star-studded Cyclones from the get-go. Tech opened up a 19-point lead at one point, but Iowa State came back to cut the lead to three with 23 seconds left. Iowa State would never get closer than that. Tech’s Devaugntah Williams hit two free throws to extend the lead to five, and as the final buzzer sounded, hundreds of Texas Tech fans flooded the court and mobbed the team.
zoomImage Courtesy: APL Singapore-based shipping company APL managed to cut its carbon dioxide emissions per transported container per kilometer by 50.7% in 2017, compared to its base level in 2009. The company said that the achievement marks APL’s eighth consecutive year of improved environmental performance.“We are proud to raise the bar in reducing the carbon footprint of our fleet operations once again. APL’s concerted efforts to improve our environmental efficiency year after year underscore our commitment to a greener and more sustainable maritime industry,” Dennis Yee, APL Global Head for Safety Security and Environment, said.While APL saw almost a 3% improvement from the 48% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per transported container per kilometer in 2016, APL-operated vessels also recorded fuel savings of almost 5% in 2017, compared to a year ago.The achievements are attributable to APL’s holistic approach in driving operational efficiencies, fleet and voyage optimisation, as well as the deployment of a fuel-efficient fleet of vessels.Coupled with route optimisation systems that have been installed onboard its vessel fleet, APL saw ship bow modifications and retrofitting of propellers to vessels that aided in minimising wave resistance and improving propulsion efficiency respectively.Navigating forward, the ocean carrier said it has resolved to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per TEU transported by 30% between 2015 and 2025, a target set by its parent group, the French shipping major CMA CGM.
zoomIllustration. Image Courtesy: Pixabay under CC0 Creative Commons license Pan-European ferry and logistics company P&O Ferries has decided to flag out its Dover-Calais fleet from UK to Cyprus flag amid Brexit-related concerns.Specifically, by switching its flag to Cyprus the company aims to benefit from the tax arrangements in place in the European Union. “In advance of Britain leaving the European Union on March 29, 2019, we undertook a review of the flag status of our ships on the English Channel. For operational and accounting reasons, we have concluded that the best course of action is to re-flag all ships to be under the Cyprus flag,” a spokesman for P&O Ferries said in a statement.“The Cyprus flag is on the ‘white list’ of both the Paris and Tokyo Memoranda of Understanding, resulting in fewer inspections and delays, and will result in significantly more favourable tonnage tax arrangements as the ships will be flagged in an EU member state.”The UK’s National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) has condemned the move.“This is pure opportunism from P&O, whose long term aim has always been to switch the UK fleet to a tax haven register, as they have already done with most of the Irish Sea and North Sea fleet. We demand immediate assurance from P&O that the pay and terms and conditions of over 730 RMT members in Dover are not under threat from this move,” RMT General Secretary Mick Cash said.“If P&O think they can use Brexit as a smokescreen for introducing the low cost crewing model on the vital Dover-Calais route then they have got another think coming.”According to P&O Ferries, there are no plans to make any other changes, including the terms and conditions of any of the seafarers, as a result of the new arrangements.The reflagging concerns six ships and comes as the UK nears what is likely to be a no-deal Brexit from the European Union.
Islamabad: The Islamabad High Court on Tuesday formed an independent five-member commission to probe the alleged abduction, forced conversion and marriage of two teenage Hindu girls in Sindh province that led to massive protests by the minority community in the country. A high court bench led by Chief Justice of IHC Athar Minallah heard the petition filed by the two sisters — Reena, Raveena — and their alleged spouses, Safdar Ali and Barkat Ali, to seek protection. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince ‘snubbed’ Pak PM, recalled jet from USIn their plea, the girls claimed that they belong to a Hindu family of Ghotki, Sindh but converted willfully as they were impressed by Islamic teaching. The counsel for the girls’ parents, however, asserted that the case pertained to forced conversion. Their father on Monday also filed a petition in the IHC for a medical board to determine the exact ages of the two sisters as well as to test the girls for Stockholm Syndrome, a state of mind when a victim develops trust or affection for kidnappers. Also Read – Record number of 35 candidates in fray for SL Presidential pollsJustice Minallah said the matter requires transparent inquiry and it is the government’s job to conduct probes not the judiciary’s. The chief justice said the court had to ensure that there was no forced conversion. The bench formed a five-member commission to probe the matter. The commission includes Human Rights Minister Shireen Mazari, Human Rights Commission of Pakistan Chairperson Mehdi Hasan, National Commission on the Status of Women Chairperson Khawar Mumtaz, veteran human rights activist I A Rehman and renowned Islamic scholar Mufti Taqi Usmani. The federal government has been tasked to organise meeting of the commission. The incident came to light when a video surfaced online showing the teenagers’ father and brother claiming the girls were abducted and forcefully converted. It was followed by another video snippet in which the two girls claimed that they had converted to Islam. Amid the uproar, Prime Minister Imran Khan directed Sindh and Punjab to investigate the matter and recover the girls if the forceful conversion allegation was correct. Chief Justice Minallah also ordered that a medical board be constituted to determine the age of the girls. The court ordered the medical board to submit its report at the next hearing on April 11. Earlier, a medical report by Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences stated that the girls were not minors at the time of their marriages. The report was dismissed by the family of the girls as well as opposition lawmaker from Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, Darshan Punshi, who belongs to the Hindu community. Both the family and the lawmaker demanded an independent medical board to determine the age.
Mumbai: Mumbai’s Joint Commissioner of Police (law and order) Deven Bharti was transferred on Sunday after the Election Commission (EC) asked the Maharashtra government to shift him, an official said. Bharti became the city’s joint commissioner of police (law and order) in April 2015 and was the longest serving officer on the post. The Maharashtra government had earlier sent a proposal to EC for continuing Bharti on the post, but it was rejected. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’ The EC directed the state government on Saturday to shift Bharti following which he transferred, a senior official told PTI, adding that his new posting was yet to be decided. Meanwhile, a search for Bharti’s successor was on, he said, adding that the post will be filled soon. The 1994-batch IPS officer conducted investigations in several high-profile cases, including the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack and journalist J Dey’s killing. He was also instrumental in breaking the backbone of terror outfit Indian Mujahideen in the state.
Juventus head coach Massimiliano Allegri was chosen Seria A’s best coach for the 2016/17 season over Atalanta’s Gian Piero Gasperini and Napoli’s Maurizio Sarri. He shared his gratitude towards his players and had some choice words on Paulo Dybala.The fact that he was not called upon for the next Argentina friendlies has been a huge upset for everybody in Juve and mostly for Dybala himself, as he has been in an extraordinary shape lately and there is no obvious reason for the national coach to snub him.Fiorentina owner: “Ribery played better than Ronaldo!” Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Fiorentina owner Rocco Commisso was left gushing over Franck Ribery’s performance against Juventus, which he rates above that of even Cristiano Ronaldo’s.“Not being called up by Argentina [for friendlies] should motivate him even more because he’s still got every opportunity of earning a place at the World Cup,” Allegri shared, according to ESPN.“He’s got to be focused on this end of the season and we have all got to be ambitious when we face the best, like Real, as we search for a seventh straight title, which would be an achievement that would be hard for any other club to match.”
ALERT # 2 ON POTENTIAL TROPICAL CYCLONE NINE ISSUED BY THE BAHAMAS DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY THURSDAY 12TH SEPTEMBER, 2019 AT 9 PM EDT Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Electricity Cost of Service Study among the big agenda items at September 11 Cabinet meeting Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppBahamas, July 17, 2017 – Nassau – An area of low pressure located about 750 miles east of the Windward Islands is moving westward at about 15 mph. The associated shower and thunderstorm activity continues to show some signs of organization, but the system appears to lack a well-defined center at this time. Environmental conditions are conducive for some additional development before the system reaches the Lesser Antilles late Tuesday or early Wednesday. After that time, less favorable upper-level winds are expected to hinder additional development. Regardless of development, this system is expected to bring locally heavy rainfall and gusty winds to portions of the Lesser Antilles beginning late Tuesday. An Air Force Reserve reconnaissance aircraft is scheduled to investigate the disturbance this afternoon.* Formation chance through 48 hours…medium…50 percent.* Formation chance through 5 days…medium…50 percent.2. An area of disturbed weather is located about 800 miles west- southwest of the Cabo Verde Islands. Some gradual development of this system is possible over the next few days while it moves slowly toward the west-northwest or northwest over the open Atlantic Ocean.* Formation chance through 48 hours…low…20 percent.* Formation chance through 5 days…low…30 percent.#magneticmedianews Recommended for you The Luxury of Grace Bay in Down Town Provo Related Items:#magneticmedianews
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppTurks and Caicos, July 26, 2017 – Providenciales – Premier Robinson during her Ministerial today updated the House on important policy initiatives being undertaken by her Office and Ministry. The Public Consultation Policy was flagged as critical to ensuring standards and consistency. This will aid all stakeholders in consultation processes.The Refurbishment Policy in the draft is aimed at standardizing any concessions and increasing transparency in the grants. The Investment Policy Statement will capture the Government’s vision on investment in TCI citing areas of priority, incentives, and improvements to creating an enabling environment.The beginning of Talks and a possible signing of a MOU with Air BnB is a major initiative taken by this government to capture lost revenue from vacation rental properties.The Government also is engaged with CDB to receive technical assistance to create a solid waste policy to address management of landfills, littering and indiscriminate dumping: Emphasis on management which will include fines and public education. Technical assistance is also being sought to address sea defenses and coastal protection in light of the impacting impact as a result of climate change. The Government is also engaging CDB on a Transport Study to aid with planning for road networks, ports, and airports in TCI.The Premier also told all that her government has developed a Policy Agenda and will continue to keep the public informed through Town Halls, Press Releases, Press Conferences and social media. She announced that over the next two weeks her Government would be making scheduled radio and tv appearances to keep the people informed. The Luxury of Grace Bay in Down Town Provo Related Items:#magneticmedianews ALERT # 2 ON POTENTIAL TROPICAL CYCLONE NINE ISSUED BY THE BAHAMAS DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY THURSDAY 12TH SEPTEMBER, 2019 AT 9 PM EDT Electricity Cost of Service Study among the big agenda items at September 11 Cabinet meeting Recommended for you
Facebook/Mitalli ChandolaA Delhi-based journalist was shot at late on Saturday in east Delhi’s Ashok Nagar near Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital.The journalist, Mitalli Chandola, recounted her experience, saying that the assailants first threw eggs on her car’s windshield and when she did not stop the vehicle, they fired two shots at her, which pierced through the windshield.The bullets from the shots fired injured Mitalli’s arm. The injuries were given medical attention and she is out of danger.”Prima facie it appears to be a case of a family dispute,” Jasmeet Singh, Deputy Commissioner of Police (East), was quoted as saying by ANI. Reports state that Mitalli was not on good terms with her family.However, the police are also investigating if this was a gang-related incident where they target drivers with eggs in order to distract them and rob them.It is not known if the assailants targeted her because of her profession or it was another reason.On June 8, a crew of a Hindi news channel was shot at by two armed men at Barapullah Road in New Delhi. The men were on a bike, came near their car and asked the crew of three (driver, reporter, cameraman) to stop the vehicle. The driver tried driving faster when he spotted a pistol in the bike driver’s hand.”A man on a black pulsar approached the vehicle when we were near the Pragati Maidan cut. When we noticed a firearm in the biker’s hand and tried speeding, the biker then fired three shots at the vehicle. The first bullet hit the gate, second hit the driver side window and the third one missed,” one of the targets told India Today.
X Listen To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: Fort Bend County gained about 92,000 people from domestic migration from 2012 to 2017.That places the county on the southwest side of Houston fourth among all U.S. counties when it comes to incoming migration, according to an analysis by RentCafé.And it’s not the only Texas county in the Top 10. It’s joined by Denton, Collin, Bexar and Williamson counties.What do they all have in common? Affordability.In Fort Bend, the median income is more than $93,000 and the median price of a home is $293,000.Compare that to Los Angeles County, which is losing the most residents via domestic migration. There, the median income is $66,000 and the median home price $630,000 – a ratio of almost one to 10.The county with the largest incoming domestic net migration is Maricopa County, home to Phoenix, Arizona. In that case, the climate is likely to also play a role, according to a researcher cited in the study. 00:00 /00:47 Ed Schipul/FlickrSugar Land Town Square Share
By Brianna McAdoo, Special to the AFRORed Bull is taking street dance to another level with their Dance Your Style competition debuting in the Nation’s capital on July 20. With no limitation to the type of dances that can be performed or the music that can be played, this competition is all about taking the stage by storm with full creative freedom. The Dance Your Style competition is a celebration of the diversity of dance and the authenticity that each dancer brings to the table. “Red Bull Dance your Style is all about giving freedom to dancers. There’s no planned choreography, no pre-chosen music or one dedicated style of dance,” said Red Bull in a statement. Red Bull is bringing the Dance Your Style competition to D.C. in order to compete for the title of Best in the East before the national competition in Las Vegas and world championship in Paris in October. (Courtesy Photo)Not only are the DJ and dancers allowed to freestyle, but the judges of this competition are the viewers. One of Red Bull’s ultimate goals with Dance Your Style is to recreate the social dynamics of street dancing and street dance competitions. Dancers from across the Mid-Atlantic will meet this weekend in D.C. to pop, lock and battle for the title of Best in the East. Each round is judged by the crowd approval who ultimately will decide their regional champion. The regional champion will get a chance to progress to Red Bull’s Dance Your Style National Finals in Las Vegas, Nevada. Dancers will be challenged by the DJs with a wide range of music, from international hits to classic hip hop beats. The competitors will have to bring their individual flare and best showmanship as they go toe-to-toe with each other for a shot at being the regional champion. Honolulu, Washington, D.C., Miami, Boston, New Orleans, Los Angeles and Las Vegas are amongst the participating cities for the regional competition. Red Bull’s 2019 Dance Your Style will be hosting over 50 events in 30 countries in which a winner will eventually emerge. The first Red Bull Dance Your Style World Champion will be crowned at the World Final on October 12 in Paris, France. The Dance Your Style competition will take place this Saturday at 2:30 p.m. at Howard Theater (620 T Street Northwest Washington, DC 20001). There will be special performances by the TSU Dance Crew, Queen P and Infinite Flow. The competition will be hosted by the 2016 Red Bull 3Style US DJ Champion and a 2-time World Finalist DJ Trayze, renowned dancer, choreographer and founder and director of Urban Artistry Junious Brickhouse and Director of Education at Urban Artistry, Ryan “Future” Web. This event is friendly to all ages, to purchase tickets you can visit this link. Some of the competitors for the Washington DC, dance competition include: BBoy Hannibal, JustSole, Lil O, Neverless, Stout, Captain Puerto Rico, Floey, King Havoc, Scream, MonTahje, Nubian Nene, TJ Pye, E Solo, DQ, Queso and OPM. For more information about Red Bull’s Dance Your Style competition visit https://www.redbull.com/us-en/events/red-bull-dance-your-style-usa.
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Entanglement can help in classical communication (Phys.org)—As developed by Claude Shannon, information theory defines channel capacity as the maximum rate at which information can be sent through the channel. This capacity can be mathematically described using a graph associated with the channel. Specifically, a graph’s Shannon zero-error capacity is the maximum rate at which messages can be sent through a noisy channel with zero probability of error. However, the Shannon capacity does not reflect the fact that on atomic scales, nature behaves according to quantum mechanics. Recently, scientists studying asymptotic behavior in entangled sender-receiver quantum systems at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, The Netherlands have identified families of graphs for which entanglement allows the Shannon capacity to be exceeded. Therefore, Briët points out, in the above example the sender could send any one of ten different messages with zero probability of error. Moreover, he adds, their main result shows that this number can be larger than the average number of messages that can be sent with zero error if no entanglement was used, thereby exceeding the zero-error Shannon capacity.”To show that entanglement can sometimes allow a sender and receiver to communicate more efficiently,” Briët continues, “one needs to create a channel for which one can prove that the entanglement-assisted capacity is large, but the Shannon capacity is small. However, proving good bounds on these parameters is notoriously difficult. It took over two decades and a brilliant mathematician to compute the Shannon capacity of the pentagon, which is the graph associated with a particular channel that has only five inputs and outputs! Only for a very few special cases can we currently say something non-trivial about these parameters.”The challenge then, says Briët, was to find a “sweet spot” among these special cases where the researchers can prove good bounds on both the entanglement-assisted and Shannon capacities. They looked at a particular class of graphs often used in quantum computing and information theory – so-called orthogonality graphs – that show that entanglement or some other quantum resource can make some classical information processing task easier. (In an orthogonality graph, points in a two, three or higher-dimensional space are labeled by arrows; a pair of such points are labeled by a line if the associated arrows are orthogonal – that is, in perpendicular directions.) “In this sense,” Briët notes, “these graphs were natural candidates for the type of result we were after. Using available techniques it is a fairly straightforward calculation to show that the orthogonality graphs have very large entanglement-assisted capacity – but it was unknown, and it still is, if the Shannon capacity is any smaller.”Their key insight, Briët says, was that they could slightly morph the orthogonality graphs to end up a class of graphs that lie in the kind of the previously-mentioned sweet spot. “Essentially, what we did is take one of these graphs and throw away three-quarters of it, not just any, but such that we are left with a quarter that has enough structure for us to be able to bound the two capacities. In addition, to bound the two capacities we had to use two quite different techniques.” To show that their graphs had very high entanglement-assisted capacity, they borrowed ideas from geometry, while to show the graphs’ low Shannon capacity they tapped algebra.”To argue that entanglement should be used to speed up communication in practice, our results would need to be strengthened,” Briët acknowledges. “In our setting we made stronger assumptions on how tolerable a little noise is than is reasonable in real-world situations. A next step would be to weaken these assumptions, for example to one where the receiver is happy if he can narrow down what the sender was trying to transmit to a small list of possibilities, as opposed to receiving the messages without ambiguity.””There are close links between entanglement-assisted communication and physical experiments that are meant to test if quantum entanglement is actually a real phenomenon,” Briët notes. “It’s predicted to exist by quantum mechanics, but since that’s only a mathematical model of how nature could work, this doesn’t mean that it has to exist. Convincing experiments were already performed in the early eighties, but because experimental set-ups are bound to have small defects, skeptics argue that no hard conclusion can be drawn from them. Physicists are still trying to come up with ever-better and better experiments that are robust against such defects,” Briët concludes, “so that even if they are taken into account one cannot argue that the results could have been produced if entanglement wasn’t present in the experimental set-up.” Explore further Copyright 2013 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Phys.org. Citation: Never mind the noise: Quantum entanglement allows channel information rate to exceed Shannon zero-error capacity (2013, January 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-01-mind-noise-quantum-entanglement-channel.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Violating the Shannon capacity of metric graphs with entanglement, PNAS published online before print December 24, 2012, doi:10.1073/pnas.1203857110Related: 1Entanglement-assisted capacity of a quantum channel and the reverse Shannon theorem, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory Volume: 48, Issue: 10 Page(s): 2637-2655 Oct 2002 Dr. Jop Briët discussed the challenges he and his colleagues, Dr. Dion Gijswijt and Prof. Harry Buhrman, encountered in determining if for a family of graphs, the entanglement-assisted capacity exceeds the Shannon capacity. (A graph has as many points as there are inputs to the channel. Such a graph is usually referred to as the channel’s confusability graph, because two points are connected by a line if they can be confused with each other when one of them is sent through the channel.) “The two parameters that we wanted to separate – the Shannon capacity and the entanglement-assisted capacity – are similar in the sense that they indicate how effectively one can communicate over a noisy communications channel,” Briët tells Phys.org. “In the entanglement-assisted case the sender and receiver have an extra resource – quantum entanglement – so the latter parameter is always at least as large as the former.” Briët points out that in the two extreme cases these parameters are actually equal: If the communications channel is perfect (i.e., noiseless), entanglement gives no advantage at all. On the other hand, entanglement cannot improve this situation if only a single message can be sent with zero error.In entanglement-assisted communication, Briët explains, there are two parties (sender and receiver) and two resources (a noisy communication channel and a pair of entangled quantum systems). The sender has one of the systems and the receiver the other, and the two parties can perform measurements (that is, experiments) on their respective quantum systems. While the outcomes of such experiments can usually not be predicted in advance, making measurements on entangled systems can still lead to useful results because outcomes of an experiment done by the sender and an experiment done by the receiver, though random, can be strongly correlated. “The entanglement-assisted communication protocol we consider,” Briët adds, “dates back at least as far as the work of Charles Bennett and others1 in 2002.”Suppose the sender can do ten different experiments, labeled with the numbers 1 to 10, and suppose that the possible inputs to the channel are the letters of the alphabet A to Z, Briët illustrates. The sender picks an experiment (for example, experiment number three), and depending on the outcome sends one of the letters – in this example, the letter P – through the channel to the receiver. Because the channel is noisy, the receiver gets a symbol that could be a P, B, D, or R. Based on this list of four letters the receiver chooses an experiment to perform on his quantum system and associates a number between 1 and 10 with each of the possible outcomes. “The punchline,” Briët says, “is that it’s sometimes possible to set things up so that the only possible outcome of the receiver’s experiment is the number of the experiment done by the sender – in this case the number three.” (i) Channel with five inputs (numbers) and five outputs (letters), where an input symbol x is connected to an output symbol a if P(a|x) > 0. Notice that none of the five pairs (0, 2), (1,4), (2,1). (3,3), (4,0) can be confused with one another, as either the first or the second two symbols are nonconfusable. (ii) Confusability graph of the channel, the five cycle C5. Copyright © PNAS, doi:10.1073/pnas.1203857110
What/who inspired you to write the book? Please quote personal instances, if any. Parliament of India has almost an infinite canvas to work on, domestically and internationally. While, what it does within its magnificent red stone building always gets much talked about, little is known of its performance in the international arena. Many people do not know that our Parliament, which is the nerve centre of the largest democracy in the world, is highly admired by other Parliaments. I have personal experience of many speakers, including those of advanced countries, coming to me to enquire what stand I was taking on a particular issue or who I was voting for so that they could do the same. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Although, our Parliamentary system is based on the Westminster model of U.K, yet over the years it has evolved so much that speakers of several Commonwealth counties have told me that in a difficult situation they invariably study the rulings given by the Indian speakers to find a solution. Such is the stature of our Speaker and our Parliament. Needless-to-say, a great deal of hard work goes into achieving and maintaining this position of eminence. I therefore felt the need to write this book and give a glimpse of how it is done. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHow do you define Parliamentary diplomacy? What role does it play in improving foreign relations?Parliamentary diplomacy is the fine art of a parliament engaging fruitfully with other parliaments. It has come of age the world over. In India too it is increasingly becoming an effective instrument of state craft. It is conducted by the Speaker who represents our Parliament in bilateral and multilateral forums, accompanied by members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The discussions are not only on parliamentary affairs but also, in fact and more, on bilateral, regional and global issues. It is a parallel function of the Speaker to strengthen our relationship with the world. The foreign policy pronouncements of our Speaker are the same as that of the Prime Minister, but the style and channels used are different. Parliamentary diplomacy, on its own, has the potential to generate abundant international goodwill. Do you think our Parliamentarian have broader understating of global concerns?Yes. The Constitution of India has empowered our Parliament to enact laws regarding our relation with any foreign country. Our parliamentarians therefore, have to be aware all the time, of international developments. Personally, I find that many of our members have a sound knowledge of the intricacies of foreign affairs.The decorum in the Indian Parliament is generally questioned by many. As a former speaker, don’t you think there needs to be some sort of moral conduct while discussing important issues like terrorism, internal security etc?There are rules in this regard but rules cannot always be effective. Member of Lok Sabha are elected representatives and, I am sure, most of them would want to get re-elected. Since the proceedings of the House are directly telecast, it is most likely that the members would do what their voters want. In my view, the demand for decorum, to be effective, should also come from the voters.Shouldn’t there be healthy meeting of minds when it comes to dealing with such important issues?Parliament of India has many beautiful traditions. One of them is that the political parties or independent members in both the Houses of Parliament never ever differ on foreign policy. This key institution of our polity firmly projects its view of the world in one voice.As the first women speaker of India and as an ex- IFS, how do you think India fares globally?As the first women Speaker of India I attended the 6th conference of the women speakers of the world in Berne and hosted the 7th conference in our Parliament. My interactions in a forum where my predecessors could not participate had its benefits. However, the fact remains that the work of a speaker is gender neutral. As a former foreign service officer who has worked at many levels to formulate the foreign policy, I think India commands respect globally and the Parliament is definitely looked up to.Beyond being an avenue for discussion, such networks can have a long-term impact on the avoidance of conflict. Do you agree?Certainly. Democracy and democratic temper always help in minimising conflict. Power of the ballot is far more than that of the bullet. Our commitment, tenacity and enduring faith in the sublime process of democracy contribute in no small measure to conflict avoidance and world peace.